Install DokuWiki on Debian 11

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In this demo, we are going to learn how to install DokuWiki on Debian 11. DokuWiki is an opensource software written in PHP that allows users to create and edit pages using a web browser. It works on plain texts and requires no database.

DokuWiki is feature rich. Read about the features on DokuWiki features page.

Installing DokuWiki on Debian 11

Run system update

Update and upgrade your system packages;

apt update

Install PHP and Required PHP Modules

DokuWiki is a PHP based web application. It requires PHP and some PHP extensions installed in order to function correctly.

Install PHP 8.1

DokuWiki, as of this writing, compatible with PHP 8.0 and 8.1.

To install PHP 8.1 on Debian 11 for DokuWiki, check the guide below;

Install PHP 8.1 on Debian 11

Install Dokuwiki Required PHP modules

Install required PHP 8.1 modules for DokuWiki on Debian 11;

apt install libapache2-mod-php8.1 php8.1-xml php8.1-mbstring php8.1-zip php8.1-intl php8.1-gd

Install Apache Web Server

Apache is used as web server for DokuWiki in this demo. When PHP is installed, it installs Apache as one of its required package dependency. To confirm this use the list option of apt command;

apt list apache2 -a
Listing... Done
apache2/stable,now 2.4.54-1~deb11u1 amd64 [installed,automatic]
apache2/stable-security 2.4.52-1~deb11u2 amd64

Assuming that for some weird reasons Apache is not installed with PHP, run the command below to install it.

apt install apache2 -y

Start and enable Apache to run on system boot.

systemctl enable --now apache2

Open Apache Port on Firewall

To allow external access to your DokuWiki, you need to open Apache port on firewall (UFW) if at all it is running.

The port to open depends on the traffic being server, which in this case is just basic HTTP (port 80).

ufw allow 80/tcp

or simply;

ufw allow Apache

or if you are planning on using HTTPS;

ufw allow "Apache Full"

Install DokuWiki

DokuWiki is distributed as a ready to run application. All you need to do is download the distribution tarball and extract it to your web root directory;

Download the latest release version from DokuWiki download’s page. You can simply run the command below to get it;


 Unpack DokuWiki Tarball to your web root directory, /var/www/html/dokuwiki, in our case;

mkdir /var/www/html/dokuwiki
tar xzf dokuwiki-stable.tgz -C /var/www/html/dokuwiki/ --strip-components=1

This will extract the application files on to our web root directory, /var/www/html/dokuwiki/.

ls -1 /var/www/html/dokuwiki

Create Apache VirtualHost for DokuWiki

To create a VirtualHost config file for DokuWiki, simply proceed as follows making the relevant changes as per your environment setup.

vi /etc/apache2/sites-available/dokuwiki.conf
<VirtualHost *:80>
        DocumentRoot  /var/www/html/dokuwiki

        <Directory ~ "/var/www/html/dokuwiki/(bin/|conf/|data/|inc/)">
            <IfModule mod_authz_core.c>
                AllowOverride All
                Require all denied
            <IfModule !mod_authz_core.c>
                Order allow,deny
                Deny from all

        ErrorLog   /var/log/apache2/dokuwiki_error.log
        CustomLog  /var/log/apache2/dokuwiki_access.log combined

Save and exit the configuration file.

There are some DokuWiki files and directories that needs to be protected.

The use of AllowOverride All allows the use of .htaccess files. As such, rename the DokuWiki .htaccess file as shown below;

cp /var/www/html/dokuwiki/.htaccess{.dist,}

Set the ownership of the DokuWiki web root directory to www-data.

chown -R www-data: /var/www/html/dokuwiki

Check Apache for any syntax errors;

apache2ctl -t

If you get the Syntax OK output, then you good. Otherwise, fix any error.

Syntax OK

Disable the default Apache test site;

a2dissite 000-default.conf

Enable the DokuWiki site;

a2ensite dokuwiki.conf

Reload Apache;

systemctl reload apache2

Complete DokuWiki Setup on Debian 11

To complete the setup, access your DokuWiki from the browser, http://<server-IP-or-hostname>/install.php.

Pay attention to the Initial ACL Policy.

Set the name of the wiki, enable the ACL and other settings.

Install DokuWiki on Debian 11

Save the configurations and continue to your DokuWiki.

dokuwiki welcome page

To login to your DokuWiki, click Log in at the top right corner.

login to dokuwiki

To make further configurations after login, click Admin gear icon at the top right corner.

dokuwiki settings

Beautiful. That is all on installing DokuWiki on Debian 11. Explore the tool further and make your own tweaks. Enjoy.


Install [DokuWiki]

Other Tutorials

How to Configure DokuWiki OpenLDAP Authentication

Install DokuWiki on Rocky Linux


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Linux Certified Engineer, with a passion for open-source technology and a strong understanding of Linux systems. With experience in system administration, troubleshooting, and automation, I am skilled in maintaining and optimizing Linux infrastructure.

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