How to Setup NFS Server on Ubuntu 22.04

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Easy way to Setup NFS Server on Ubuntu 22.04

In this tutorial, we will discuss how to setup NFS server on Ubuntu 22.04. Network File system (NFS) is a commonly used file-based storage system that allows remote systems to access files over a computer network and interact with them as if they were locally mounted. This enables system Administrators to group resources onto centralized servers on a network for easy sharing.

Setting up NFS Server on Ubuntu 22.04

Install NFS Server on Ubuntu 22.04

In order to setup NFS server, you need to install the NFS kernel server package, which is the currently recommended NFS server for use with Linux, featuring features such as NFSv3 and NFSv4, Kerberos support via GSS, and much more.

NFS operates in server-client architecture. Hence, install the NFS kernel server on the NFS server system.

apt update

Check if the system requires a reboot. If so, then reboot.

[ -f /var/run/reboot-required ] && systemctl reboot -i

Install NFS Server package on Ubuntu;

apt install nfs-kernel-server

Define NFS Server Domain for ID Mapping

Next, optionally update the NFS domain in the /etc/idmapd.conf configuration file. The /etc/idmapd.conf file is used to configure the NFS idmapd daemon, which is responsible for mapping user and group IDs between the client and server in NFSv4 environments. The Domain parameter in this configuration file specifies the local domain for id mapping. This will by default is set to your system’s DNS domain if not specified and hence, may result in other systems in the different DNS domain not being able to mount the share.

For example, the domain of my system is;

hostname -d

Hence, edit the /etc/idmapd.conf file and uncomment line 6 and set the value of the Domain to the correct domain name.

sed -i "s/^# Domain = localdomain/Domain = $(hostname -d)/" /etc/idmapd.conf

To verify;

grep Domain /etc/idmapd.conf

Sample output;

Domain =

Setup NFS Exports on Ubuntu 22.04

NFS Exports are file systems or directories on an NFS server that are shared or accessible to NFS clients.

In this tutorial, we will create two directories/NFS shares. A public and a private directory.

mkdir /media/{public,private}

Next, edit the /etc/exports configuration file and configure the above directories as NFS shares.

vim /etc/exports

To set up an NFS share:

  • Specify the directory to be shared
  • IP addresses/Networks or domain names (if you have DNS server) of the systems to share storage with
  • the options associated with shared directory.

The format of the NFS share in the /etc/exports should look like:

nfshare nfsclient_IP/network/domain [sharingoptions]

In our setup, the general directory is shared with anyone and the private directory with specific clients.

NOTE: ensure that there are no invisible characters or whitespace at the end of the directory path in your /etc/exports file. Otherwise, you may get “No such file or directory” error when exporting the share.

In that case, below are our NFS exports configurations look like below;

/media/public *(ro,sync,root_squash,subtree_check)

To allow multiple nodes/systems to access the share;


The NFS share mount options used above are;

  • ro mounts the directory on the client with read only permissions.
  • rw mounts the shared directory on the client with read write permissions.
  • sync ensures that any changes made to the shared directory is synchronized between the server and the client.
  • root_squash maps the remote root user privileges into a non-privileged user on the NFS server.
  • no_root_squash allows remote user to access the share with full privileges of the root user on the NFS server.
  • subtree_check ensures that in case a directory instead of a block device is exported, the NFS server must check the existence of files in the shared directory for every request made.
  • no_subtree_check specifies that the NFS server should not verify the availability of the files in the export for every request.

Consult man 5 exports for more NFS export mount options.

Save and exit the file.

Restart NFS Server on Ubuntu 22.04;

systemctl restart nfs-server

Export NFS shares

Next, run the following command to export the shared directories.

exportfs -arvf

Sample output;

exporting *:/media/public

For more information on exportfs options used above, man exportfs.

Allow NFS Share Access on Firewall

If firewall is running on Ubuntu 22.04 NFS server, allow access to the nfs share from the clients.

For example, to allow specific IPs/Networks to access the shares above;

ufw allow from to any port nfs

nfs actually opens port 2049.

Check with:

rpcinfo -p | grep nfs

Next, since we are using a port based firewall, you need to configure a fixed port for NFS rpc.mountd (more on SecuringNFS). It uses random ports by default, making access control a bit difficult.

For example, let us say we want it to use port 50001, then edit the file,/etc/default/nfs-kernel-server, and replace add the port to the line;


such that it looks like;

RPCMOUNTDOPTS="--manage-gids --port 50001"

Save and exit the file once done editing.

Open the RPC mount port on firewall;

ufw allow from to any port 50001

Open NFS portmapper port as well;

ufw allow from to any port 111

Restart NFS server;

systemctl restart nfs-server

Configure NFS Client

Install NFS Client Packages

On a system that acts as an NFS client, install NFS client packages:

sudo apt install nfs-common -y

Update NFS Share Domain

Similarly, update the NFS share domain:

sed -i "s/# Domain = localdomain/Domain = $(hostname -d)/" /etc/idmapd.conf

Create a directory to mount the remote NFS share

To access the remote shared directories on the NFS client, you need to mount those directories on the NFS client.

mkdir -p /nfs-shares/{public,private}

Listing NFS Shares

Run the following command to show mount information for an NFS server, whose IP address is

showmount -e
Export list for
/media/public  *

Mount NFS Shares on NFS client

Mount the exports on NFS client as shown below;

sudo mount -t nfs /nfs-shares/public
sudo mount -t nfs /nfs-shares/private/

Verify the mounting with the following command;

df -hT -P /nfs-shares/private/ /nfs-shares/public/
Filesystem                   Type  Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on nfs4   14G  4.4G  8.7G  34% /nfs-shares/private  nfs4   14G  4.4G  8.7G  34% /nfs-shares/public

As you can see, both of the shares have been mounted.

To finalize on this, let us create some files on the NFS server and verify that the same becomes available to the client.

touch /media/public/public-files.txt touch /media/private/private-files.txt

On the client:

ls -1 /nfs-shares/public/ /nfs-shares/private/


How to Automount NFS Share?

You can use FSTAB or AutoFS deamon to mount NFS share automatically.

Check an example on this page.

Configure NFS Share Automounting

And that marks the end of our tutorial on setting up NFS server on Ubuntu 22.04


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Linux Certified Engineer, with a passion for open-source technology and a strong understanding of Linux systems. With experience in system administration, troubleshooting, and automation, I am skilled in maintaining and optimizing Linux infrastructure.

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