Install OSSEC Agent on Rocky Linux 8

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This guide presents a step-by-step tutorial on how to install OSSEC Agent on Rocky Linux 8. OSSEC is an Open Source Host based Intrusion Detection System that performs log analysis, integrity checking, Windows registry monitoring, rootkit detection, real-time alerting and active response. It runs across multiple platforms including Linux, OpenBSD, FreeBSD, Mac OS X, Solaris and Windows etc.

Install OSSEC Agent on Rocky Linux 8

In this demo, we are going learn how to install OSSEC agent on Rocky Linux 8 from source file.

Run system Update

Before you proceed with installation, run system update.

dnf update

Install Required Build Tools

A successful installation of OSSEC on Rocky Linux 8 requires quite a number of dependencies to be installed on the system. Run the command below to install these dependencies.

dnf install gcc make libevent-devel zlib-devel openssl-devel pcre2-devel wget tar -y

Download Latest OSSEC Source Code

OSSEC 3.6 is the latest stable release as of this writing. Check the releases page for the latest releases.

wget https://github.com/ossec/ossec-hids/archive/3.6.0.tar.gz

Extract OSSEC Source Code

Once the OSSEC source download is completed, extract it as follows;

tar xzf 3.6.0.tar.gz

Install OSSEC Agent on Rocky Linux 8

There are two ways in which you can now install OSSEC agent on Rocky Linux 8.

Manual Installation of OSSEC agent on Rocky Linux 8

To manually install OSSEC agent on Rocky Linux 8, navigate to the source code directory and run the installation script.

cd ossec-hids-3.6.0/

Execute the installation group;

./install.sh

Select you installation language. In this case, we choose the default install language, English.

Press ENTER to choose default installation options.

(en/br/cn/de/el/es/fr/hu/it/jp/nl/pl/ru/sr/tr) [en]: ENTER

Again, press ENTER to continue.

-- Press ENTER to continue or Ctrl-C to abort. --

Specify the type of installation. In our case, we are installing ossec-hids agent, hence select agent.

1- What kind of installation do you want (server, agent, local, hybrid or help)? agent

  - Agent(client) installation chosen.

Choose the installation path. We go with the default, /var/ossec.

2- Setting up the installation environment.

 - Choose where to install the OSSEC HIDS [/var/ossec]: 

    - Installation will be made at  /var/ossec .

Enter the OSSEC-HIDs Server IP address or hostname. Replace the IP used here accordingly.

3- Configuring the OSSEC HIDS.

  3.1- What's the IP Address or hostname of the OSSEC HIDS server?: 192.168.60.20                 

   - Adding Server IP 192.168.60.20

Enable system integrity check

  3.2- Do you want to run the integrity check daemon? (y/n) [y]: y

   - Running syscheck (integrity check daemon).

Enable rootkit detection engine.

  3.3- Do you want to run the rootkit detection engine? (y/n) [y]: 

   - Running rootcheck (rootkit detection).

Disable active response. Otherwise, you can enable it if you an understanding of the type and number of alerts you want.

  3.4 - Do you want to enable active response? (y/n) [y]: n

   - Active response disabled.

The agent installer then displays the log files that are read by default. You can add more later on ossec.conf file.

  3.5- Setting the configuration to analyze the following logs:
    -- /var/log/messages
    -- /var/log/secure
    -- /var/log/maillog
...

Once you are done defining the default options, proceed to install OSSEC agent on Rocky Linux 8 by pressing ENTER.

 - System is Redhat Linux.
 - Init script modified to start OSSEC HIDS during boot.

 - Configuration finished properly.

 - To start OSSEC HIDS:
      /var/ossec/bin/ossec-control start

 - To stop OSSEC HIDS:
      /var/ossec/bin/ossec-control stop

 - The configuration can be viewed or modified at /var/ossec/etc/ossec.conf


    Thanks for using the OSSEC HIDS.
    If you have any question, suggestion or if you find any bug,
    contact us at https://github.com/ossec/ossec-hids or using
    our public maillist at  
    https://groups.google.com/forum/#!forum/ossec-list

    More information can be found at http://www.ossec.net

    ---  Press ENTER to finish (maybe more information below). ---
    


 - You first need to add this agent to the server so they 
   can communicate with each other. When you have done so,
   you can run the 'manage_agents' tool to import the 
   authentication key from the server.
   
   /var/ossec/bin/manage_agents

   More information at: 
   http://www.ossec.net/en/manual.html#ma

Automated Installation of OSSEC Agent

To automate the installation of OSSEC agent, navigate to the source code directory and run the command below;

cd ossec-hids*
cp etc/preloaded-vars.conf{.example,}
sed -i -e 's/#USER_LANGUAGE="en"/USER_LANGUAGE="en"/' -e 's/#USER_NO_STOP="y"/USER_NO_STOP="y"/' \
  -e 's/#USER_INSTALL_TYPE="agent"/USER_INSTALL_TYPE="agent"/' -e 's/#USER_DIR="\/var\/ossec"/USER_DIR="\/var\/ossec"/'\
  -e 's/#USER_ENABLE_ACTIVE_RESPONSE="y"/USER_ENABLE_ACTIVE_RESPONSE="n"/' -e 's/#USER_ENABLE_SYSCHECK="y"/USER_ENABLE_SYSCHECK="y"/' \
  -e 's/#USER_ENABLE_ROOTCHECK="y"/USER_ENABLE_ROOTCHECK="y"/' \
  -e 's/# USER_AGENT_SERVER_IP="1.2.3.4"/ USER_AGENT_SERVER_IP="192.168.60.20"/' etc/preloaded-vars.conf

Replace the 192.168.60.20 above with the IP address of your OSSEC server.

Next, run the installation;

./install.sh

Connect the OSSEC Agent to OSSEC Server

For the agent to communicate with the server, you can need to first add it to the server.

After that extract the agent authentication key from the server.

Once you have extracted the key, Import the key on the agent by running the command below;

/var/ossec/bin/manage_agents

Enter option Ipaste the key and confirm adding the key. Then type Q and press enter to exit.

Running OSSEC Agent

Once the installation completes, the installer displays how to run OSSEC agent.

To start the agent;

/var/ossec/bin/ossec-control start

Or

systemctl start ossec

To stop the agent;

/var/ossec/bin/ossec-control stop

Or

systemctl stop ossec

Other unit service control commands;

/var/ossec/bin/ossec-control {start|stop|reload|restart|status}

You have successfully installed OSSEC agent on Rocky Linux 8 and that marks the end of our guide on how to install OSSEC agent on Rocky Linux 8. Stay connected for more similar tutorials.

Further Reading

OSSEC Documentation

Related Tutorials

Install OSSEC Agent on Debian 10 Buster

How to Install OSSEC Agent on Mac OS

How to Install OSSEC Agent on Solaris 11.4

How to Install and Setup OSSEC agent on Ubuntu 18.04/CentOS 7

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