Install OpenVAS 10 (GVM) on Debian 10 Buster

In this guide, we are going to learn how to install OpenVAS 10 (GVM) on Debian 10 Buster. The Greenbone Vulnerability Management version 10 (GVM-10) (OpenVAS) is the current stable major release.

Install OpenVAS 10 (GVM) on Debian 10 Buster

Run system update

apt update
apt upgrade

Install the Required Dependencies

There a number of dependencies required to build OpenVAS 10 (GVM 10) from the source. Install them by running the command below;

apt install bison cmake gcc gcc-mingw-w64 heimdal-dev libgcrypt20-dev libglib2.0-dev libgnutls28-dev libgpgme-dev libhiredis-dev libksba-dev libmicrohttpd-dev git libpcap-dev libpopt-dev libsnmp-dev libsqlite3-dev libssh-gcrypt-dev xmltoman libxml2-dev perl-base pkg-config python3-paramiko python3-setuptools uuid-dev curl redis doxygen libical-dev python-polib gnutls-bin

Install Yarn JavaScript package manager

curl -sS | apt-key add -
echo "deb stable main" | tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/yarn.list
apt update
apt install yarn

You can confirm the required dependencies for each module on the file on the source code directory.

Download Greenborne Vulnerability Manager Source code

Installation of OpenVAS 10 (GVM 10) on Debian 10 Buster involves building different modules from the source code. Hence, run the commands below to download the source code of each module required to build OpenVAS 10 (Greenborne Vulnerability Manager).

Create a temporary directory to store source codes.

mkdir /tmp/gvm10
cd /tmp/gvm10

Download GVM Libraries

wget -O gvm-libs-v10.0.1.tar.gz

Download OpenVAS Scanner

wget -O openvas-scanner-v6.0.1.tar.gz 

Download Greenborne Vulnerability Manager (GVM)

wget -O gvm-v8.0.1.tar.gz

Download Greenborne Security Assistant (GSA)

wget -O gsa-v8.0.1.tar.gz

Download Open Scanner Protocol Daemon (OSPd)

wget -O ospd-v1.3.2.tar.gz

Download OpenVAS SMB

wget -O openvas-smp-v1.0.5.tar.gz

You should now have at least 5 major components source codes;

ls -1

Extract the OpenVAS 10 (GVM) Source Codes

Next extract the source codes to current directory.

for i in *.tar.gz; do tar xzf $i; done

Install OpenVAS 10 (GVM) on Debian 10 Buster

Navigate to a directory where you extracted your source code and build each component of OpenVAS 10. Note for every component, there is a and a file that explains how to build and install it.

Build and Install GVM Libraries

cd gvm-libs-10.0.1/
mkdir build
cd build/
cmake ..
make install

Build and Install OpenVAS SMB

cd /tmp/gvm10/openvas-smb-1.0.5
mkdir build
cd build
cmake ..
make install

Build and Install OSPd

cd /tmp/gvm10/ospd-1.3.2
python3 install

Build and Install OpenVAS Scanner

cd cd /tmp/gvm10/openvas-6.0.1/
mkdir build
cd build
cmake ..
make install

Configure Redis Server

To improve the performance of Redis server, make the following configurations.

  • Increase the value of somaxconn in order to avoid slow clients connections issues.
echo "net.core.somaxconn = 1024"  >> /etc/sysctl.conf
  • Redis background save may fail under low memory condition. To avoid this, enable memory overcommit (man 5 proc).
echo 'vm.overcommit_memory = 1' >> /etc/sysctl.conf
  • To avoid creation of latencies and memory usage issues with Redis, disable Linux Kernel’s support for Transparent Huge Pages (THP). To easily work around this, create a systemd service unit for this purpose.
vim /etc/systemd/system/disable_thp.service
Description=Disable Kernel Support for Transparent Huge Pages (THP)

ExecStart=/bin/sh -c "echo 'never' > /sys/kernel/mm/transparent_hugepage/enabled && echo 'never' > /sys/kernel/mm/transparent_hugepage/defrag"


Reload systemd configurations;

systemctl daemon-reload

Start and enable this service to run on system boot.

systemctl start disable_thp
systemctl enable disable_thp

Rename the default redis server configuration file and copy the redis configuration that is generated.

mv /etc/redis/redis.conf /etc/redis/redis.conf.bak
cp /tmp/gvm10/openvas-6.0.1/build/doc/redis_config_examples/redis_4_0.conf  /etc/redis/redis.conf

Open the configuration and make the adjustments below;

vim /etc/redis/redis.conf
#unixsocket /tmp/redis-server.sock
unixsocket /var/run/redis/redis-server.sock
#pidfile /usr/local/var/run/
pidfile /var/run/redis/
# Change the working directory to /var/lib/redis
dir ./
dir /var/lib/redis

Since redis uses /tm/redis.socket, you need to explicitly define alternate socket directory as in the above configuration in the /usr/local/etc/openvas/openvassd.conf using the db_address parameter as follows;

echo "db_address = /var/run/redis/redis-server.sock" > /usr/local/etc/openvas/openvassd.conf

Reload sysctl variables created above.

sysctl -p

Restart Redis server

systemctl restart redis-server

Updates the OpenVAS NVTs from Greenbone Security Feed/Community Feed


Reload Kernel modules and start OpenVAS Scanner

ldconfig && openvassd

You can check the logs to see if there is any issue with OpenVAS scanner.

tail /usr/local/var/log/gvm/openvassd.log 
sd   main:MESSAGE:2019-07-20 15h29.32 utc:8258: openvassd 6.0.1 started

You can also check running processes.

ps aux | grep openvas
root      8258  0.0  0.1  34520  3256 ?        Ss   11:28   0:00 openvassd: Waiting for incoming connections

Build and Install GVM

cd /tmp/gvm10/gvmd-8.0.1/
mkdir build
cd build
cmake ..
make install

Build and Install GSA

cd /tmp/gvm10/gsa-8.0.1
mkdir build
cd build
cmake ..
make install

Next, run the command below to set up the create certificates for the server and clients.

gvm-manage-certs -a

Create OpenVAS administrative user by running the command below;

gvmd --create-user openvasadmin

This command generates a random password for the user. To create your own password;

gvmd --create-user openvasadmin --password=StronGP@SS

To reset the password of an already existing user;

gvmd --user=openvasadmin --new-password=StronGP@SS

Start OpenVAS Scanner, GSA and GVM services

openvassd && gvmd && gsad

Check the status;

ps aux | grep -E "openvassd|gsad|gvmd" | grep -v grep
root      8258  0.0  0.1  34520  3204 ?        Ss   11:28   0:00 openvassd: Waiting for incoming connections
root     10351  0.0  0.1  34520  3396 ?        Ss   11:55   0:00 openvassd: Waiting for incoming connections
root     10354  0.1  2.5 192572 78468 pts/0    S    11:55   0:00 gvmd: Waiting for incoming connections
root     10363  0.0  0.1 429192  6000 pts/0    Sl   11:55   0:00 gsad
root     10364  0.0  0.1 207996  3396 pts/0    Sl   11:55   0:00 gsad
root     10379  0.0  0.1  80960  3232 ?        Ss   11:55   0:00 gpg-agent --homedir /usr/local/var/lib/gvm/gvmd/gnupg --use-standard-socket --daemon
root     10694  0.0  0.1  34568  4928 ?        Ss   12:05   0:00 openvassd: Serving /usr/local/var/run/openvassd.sock

You can also check the logs for more details on /usr/local/var/log/gvm/.

Accessing OpenVAS 10 (GVM 10)

OpenVAS 10 is setup and you can access it via the address, https://<server-IP>.

Install OpenVAS 10 (GVM) on Debian 10 Buster

Login with the username and password generated.

Install OpenVAS 10 (GVM) on Debian 10 Buster

There you go. You have successfully installed OpenVAS 10 (GVM) on Debian 10 Buster. Enjoy

Related Tutorials;

Install OpenVAS 9 with PostgreSQL in Ubuntu 18.04

How to Add and Scan a Target for Vulnerabilities on OpenVAS Scanner

How to Install and Setup OpenVAS 9 Vulnerability Scanner on Ubuntu 18.04

How to Install and Use WPScan WordPress Vulnerability Scanner Ubuntu 18.04


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33 thoughts on “Install OpenVAS 10 (GVM) on Debian 10 Buster”

  1. hi,

    ERROR cmae .. (Build and Install GSA)

    — Configuring Greenbone Security Assistant…
    — Looking for clang-format…
    — clang-format not found…
    — Install prefix: /usr/local
    CMake Error at /usr/share/cmake-3.13/Modules/FindPackageHandleStandardArgs.cmake:137 (message):
    Could NOT find Node (missing: NODE_EXECUTABLE) (Required is at least
    version “8.0”)
    Call Stack (most recent call first):
    /usr/share/cmake-3.13/Modules/FindPackageHandleStandardArgs.cmake:378 (_FPHSA_FAILURE_MESSAGE)
    cmake/FindNode.cmake:45 (find_package_handle_standard_args)
    gsa/CMakeLists.txt:19 (find_package)

    — Configuring incomplete, errors occurred!
    See also “/tmp/gvm10/gsa-8.0.1/build/CMakeFiles/CMakeOutput.log”.

  2. I would prefer using git for downloading the code. That way you don’t need to worry about changing version numbers for the download of the source code.

  3. Hi,

    i get the following error while trying to compile openvas
    /tmp/gvm10/openvas-6.0.1/build# make
    Scanning dependencies of target openvas_misc_shared
    [ 1%] Building C object misc/CMakeFiles/openvas_misc_shared.dir/bpf_share.c.o
    /tmp/gvm10/openvas-6.0.1/misc/bpf_share.c: In function ‘bpf_open_live’:
    /tmp/gvm10/openvas-6.0.1/misc/bpf_share.c:70:5: error: ‘pcap_lookupdev’ is deprecated: use ‘pcap_findalldevs’ and use the first device [-Werror=deprecated-declarations]
    iface = pcap_lookupdev (errbuf);
    In file included from /usr/include/pcap.h:43,
    from /tmp/gvm10/openvas-6.0.1/misc/bpf_share.c:27:
    /usr/include/pcap/pcap.h:326:16: note: declared here
    PCAP_API char *pcap_lookupdev(char *)
    cc1: all warnings being treated as errors
    make[2]: *** [misc/CMakeFiles/openvas_misc_shared.dir/build.make:63: misc/CMakeFiles/openvas_misc_shared.dir/bpf_share.c.o] Error 1
    make[1]: *** [CMakeFiles/Makefile2:91: misc/CMakeFiles/openvas_misc_shared.dir/all] Error 2
    make: *** [Makefile:163: all] Error 2

  4. Hello,
    NVT are updates, but I cannot update Certdata & Scapdata. How can I do that?
    Commands greenbone-certdata-sync & greenbone-scapdata-sync did not work.

    Also omp was changed to gmp, but I cannot find it.

    • From /var/log/sysllog:
      Sep 23 11:49:24 yaopenvas greenbone-certdata-sync: Running as root
      Sep 23 11:49:24 yaopenvas greenbone-certdata-sync: rsync not found (required).

      Try with
      apt install rsync

  5. I’m getting this error:

    /tmp/gvm10/openvas-6.0.1/nasl/nasl_http.c: In function ‘_http_req’:
    /tmp/gvm10/openvas-6.0.1/nasl/nasl_http.c:174:38: error: format ‘%lu’ expects argument of type ‘long unsigned int’, but argument 4 has type ‘size_t’ {aka ‘unsigned int’} [-Werror=format=]
    “Content-Length: %lu\r\n\r\n”, strlen (data));
    ~~^ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~
    cc1: all warnings being treated as errors
    make[2]: *** [nasl/CMakeFiles/openvas_nasl_shared.dir/build.make:398: nasl/CMakeFiles/openvas_nasl_shared.dir/nasl_http.c.o] Error 1
    make[1]: *** [CMakeFiles/Makefile2:188: nasl/CMakeFiles/openvas_nasl_shared.dir/all] Error 2
    make: *** [Makefile:163: all] Error 2

  6. Hello everyone,
    Excellent as, thank you very much.
    After installation, I tried to set up radius authentication and, on the GVM screen, got “Radius support not available”, can anyone help me fix it?


  7. Great instructions. Any suggestion on how to get the processes to automatically start on system boot? Thanks.

  8. Thanks for this tuto . which files i have to edit if i want to access to the Web GUI from anywhere in my network?

  9. Hi, I can’t sync the nvt:

    :/tmp/gvm10/gsa-8.0.1/build# greenbone-nvt-sync
    –2020-10-30 12:11:30–
    Auflösen des Hostnamens (…, 2a01:130:2000:127::d1
    Verbindungsaufbau zu (||:80 … fehlgeschlagen: Die Wartezeit für die Verbindung ist abgelaufen.
    Verbindungsaufbau zu (|2a01:130:2000:127::d1|:80 … fehlgeschlagen: Das Netzwerk ist nicht erreichbar.

    Can anyone help me to fix it?
    Thank you and have a nice day.

  10. Hey, this link not working : wget -O gvm-libs-v10.0.1.tar.gz

    When i insert this link, it responds me :
    Résolution de (…
    Connexion à (||:443… connecté.
    GnuTLS: A TLS fatal alert has been received.
    GnuTLS: received alert [49]: Access was denied
    Incapable d’établir une connexion SSL.

    Someone Could you help me ? Please

  11. Hi,

    OSPD does not have any CMakeLists.txt file. I tried to search on google but could not find a solution. Could you please help?


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