How to Create And Delete OpenStack Project

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In this tutorial, we will show some easy ways to create and delete OpenStack project. A project is an organization unit/entity in OpenStack that owns resources. It can handle the computing services of compute, networking, storage, identity, and image services.

How to Create And Delete OpenStack Project

In this tutorial, we are using a single-node openstack that was deployed using DevStack.

If you want to learn how to deploy OpenStack with ease, check these tutorials;

Deploy OpenStack using DevStack on Ubuntu 22.04/Ubuntu 20.04

Deploy All-In-One OpenStack with Kolla-Ansible on Ubuntu 18.04

There are some projects that are created by default when you deploy OpenStack.

You can check the available projects by checking them on the Horizon > Identity > Projects.

How to Create And Delete OpenStack Project

or listing them using OpenStack command line tool.

Before you can use OpenStack command line tools, you need to authenticate against the Identity service, keystone, which returns a Token and Service Catalog. The catalog contains the endpoints for all services the user/tenant has access to – such as Compute, Image Service, Identity, Object Storage, Block Storage, and Networking (code-named nova, glance, keystone, swift, cinder, and neutron).

To authenticate against the Identity service that enables you to access OpenStack specific/or all project details, you need to download the OpenStack RC file from the horizon or create and then source the file before running any commands. The OpenStack RC file contains the credentials that all OpenStack services use.

To download OpenStack RC file for the administrative user, login to OpenStack horizon and download the RC file under the admin user settings.

openstack admin RC file

Similarly, you can download the OpenStack RC file from Horizon > Projects > API Access > Download OpenStack RC File > OpenStack RC File.

How to Create And Delete OpenStack Project

You should now have a file like admin-openrc.sh.

#!/usr/bin/env bash
export OS_AUTH_URL=http://192.168.56.124/identity
export OS_PROJECT_ID=a95d364c2b564742b1d3e7da4c8e294e
export OS_PROJECT_NAME="admin"
export OS_USER_DOMAIN_NAME="Default"
if [ -z "$OS_USER_DOMAIN_NAME" ]; then unset OS_USER_DOMAIN_NAME; fi
export OS_PROJECT_DOMAIN_ID="default"
if [ -z "$OS_PROJECT_DOMAIN_ID" ]; then unset OS_PROJECT_DOMAIN_ID; fi
unset OS_TENANT_ID
unset OS_TENANT_NAME
export OS_USERNAME="admin"
echo "Please enter your OpenStack Password for project $OS_PROJECT_NAME as user $OS_USERNAME: "
read -sr OS_PASSWORD_INPUT
export OS_PASSWORD=$OS_PASSWORD_INPUT
export OS_REGION_NAME="RegionOne"
if [ -z "$OS_REGION_NAME" ]; then unset OS_REGION_NAME; fi
export OS_INTERFACE=public
export OS_IDENTITY_API_VERSION=3

You can as well create your own RC file.

Once you have downloaded the OpenStack RC file, you then use it to access OpenStack services from the command line;

Source the file to load the RC file environment variables;

source admin-openrc.sh

Or;

. admin-openrc.sh

If you didn’t set the password in the file, you might be prompted to enter the user password when you source the credentials file.

Once you load the OpenStack credentials, you can then proceed to use OpenStack CLI tools.

openstack project list
+----------------------------------+--------------------+
| ID                               | Name               |
+----------------------------------+--------------------+
| 3bff612b9db54c79b03a1620fdec0401 | demo               |
| 430aef95763e405bb65ff00d92c4299a | alt_demo           |
| a95d364c2b564742b1d3e7da4c8e294e | admin              |
| f008ce267bc84bbd882cfffc777773c1 | invisible_to_admin |
| fc5d82af15c14453a8ea98fc890b81c6 | service            |
+----------------------------------+--------------------+

So next, let’s see how to create and delete OpenStack Project.

How to Create OpenStack Project

There are two ways in which you can create Openstack project;.

Create OpenStack project on the Horizon

Login to OpenStack Horizon as admin and;

  • navigate to Identity > Projects.
How to Create And Delete OpenStack Project
  • Click Create Project.
  • Under Project information, enter the name of the project, description and ensure it is enabled.
How to Create And Delete OpenStack Project
  • Under Project Members, you can select which user from the list will have access to the project. Click the + plus button besides the username to give that specific user access to the Project.
  • Next, click on the drop down button against selected user to choose what access privileges are granted to the user. For example, in our example project, we have given admin user admin rights on the project.
How to Create And Delete OpenStack Project
  • Similarly, under Project Groups, select groups to grant access and specific rights for that group on the project.
How to Create And Delete OpenStack Project
  • Click Create Project to create OpenStack project on Horizon.
  • Your project should now be listed under Identity > Projects.
How to Create And Delete OpenStack Project
  • Under Actions tab, you can be able to update/modify your project.
How to Create And Delete OpenStack Project

You can as well confirm from the command line;

openstack project list

Create OpenStack project from command line

To create OpenStack project from command line, first load the OpenStack access credentials;

source admin-openrc.sh

Next, you can use the command below to create OpenStack project from the command line;

openstack project create

You can obtain the command help by passing the -h/--help option.

openstack project create -h
usage: openstack project create [-h] [-f {json,shell,table,value,yaml}] [-c COLUMN] [--noindent] [--prefix PREFIX] [--max-width <integer>]
                                [--fit-width] [--print-empty] [--domain <domain>] [--parent <project>] [--description <description>]
                                [--enable | --disable] [--property <key=value>] [--or-show] [--immutable | --no-immutable] [--tag <tag>]
                                <project-name>

For example, to create an OpenStack project called kifarunix-demo;

openstack project create --domain default --description "Kifarunix-demo Project" --enable kifarunix-demo

Sample command output;

+-------------+----------------------------------+
| Field       | Value                            |
+-------------+----------------------------------+
| description | Kifarunix-demo Project           |
| domain_id   | default                          |
| enabled     | True                             |
| id          | 10c048c083344f6d98ea99464ffaf4bd |
| is_domain   | False                            |
| name        | kifarunix-demo                   |
| options     | {}                               |
| parent_id   | default                          |
| tags        | []                               |
+-------------+----------------------------------+

List the projects;

openstack project list
+----------------------------------+--------------------+
| ID                               | Name               |
+----------------------------------+--------------------+
| 10c048c083344f6d98ea99464ffaf4bd | kifarunix-demo     |
| 3bff612b9db54c79b03a1620fdec0401 | demo               |
| 430aef95763e405bb65ff00d92c4299a | alt_demo           |
| 9a6d8864c2ee4ae9864281c22f79d836 | kifarunix-local    |
| a95d364c2b564742b1d3e7da4c8e294e | admin              |
| f008ce267bc84bbd882cfffc777773c1 | invisible_to_admin |
| fc5d82af15c14453a8ea98fc890b81c6 | service            |
+----------------------------------+--------------------+

Once you create a project, you can give users appropriate access to the project using the command below

openstack role add [-h] [--system <system> | --domain <domain> | --project <project>] [--user <user> | --group <group>]
                          [--group-domain <group-domain>] [--project-domain <project-domain>] [--user-domain <user-domain>] [--inherited]
                          [--role-domain <role-domain>]
                          <role>

For example, to give OpenStack admin user administrative role access to the project;

openstack role add --project kifarunix-demo --user admin admin

To give the Admins group access to the project;

openstack role add --project kifarunix-demo --group admins admin

To find out what rights/roles does a specific user have on a specific OpenStack Project, check from the OpenStack horizon or use command line;

openstack role assignment list --user admin --project kifarunix-demo --names

To find out what rights/roles does a specific group have on a specific OpenStack Project, check from the OpenStack horizon or use command line;

openstack role assignment list --group admins --project kifarunix-demo --names

To show for both users/groups;

openstack role assignment list --role admin --project kifarunix-demo --names

How to Delete/Disable OpenStack Project

You can delete/disable OpenStack Project on Horizon or on command line;

Delete/Disable OpenStack Project on Horizon

  • On Horizon, navigate to Identity > Projects.
  • Select the project you want to delete, for example kifarunix-demo, by ticking the checkbox besides the project name.
How to Create And Delete OpenStack Project
  • Click Delete Project
  • Similarly, under project actions, click the dropdown and select Delete Project.
How to Create And Delete OpenStack Project

To disable the project, click Edit Project > Project information > Uncheck the enable option.

Delete/Disable OpenStack Project on command line

You can delete/disable OpenStack project on command line using openstack project command;

usage: openstack project delete [-h] [--domain <domain>] <project> [<project> ...]

E.g to delete kifarunix-local project;

openstack project delete kifarunix-local

To disable the project;

openstack project set --disable kifarunix-demo

And that is it on how to how to create and delete OpenStack Project from the horizon or command line.

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