Monitor SSL/TLS Certificates Expiry with Nagios

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Well, assuming you understand the implications of the expired SSL/TLS certificates, let us go through how to monitor SSL/TLS Certificates Expiry with Nagios. Nagios provides SSL Certificate monitoring and alerting when SSL certificates expiration date draws closer using the Nagios Plugins.

Before you can proceed, install and setup Nagios server. Follow the links below to setup Nagios server on your desired system.

Install Nagios Server on CentOS 8

Install Nagios Core on Debian 10 Buster

Monitor SSL/TLS Certificates Expiry with Nagios

Once your Nagios server is up and ready proceed to configure it to monitor your web servers SSL/TLS certificates expiry.

check_http Nagios plugin is used to test the HTTP service on the specified host. It can test normal (http) and secure (https) servers, follow redirects, search for strings and regular expressions, check connection times, and report on certificate expiration times.

Reporting on certificate expiration times is the main focus of this guide.

Install Nagios Plugins

Nagios plugins provide the check_http plugin script. Below is a sample guide on how to install Nagios plugins on the Nagios server.

Install Nagios Plugins From Source RHEL/CentOS/Oracle Linux

Add the Host to Nagios Server

Next, you need to add the host whose SSL/TLS certificates is to be monitored to Nagios Server. See a sample guide below;

Add Hosts to Nagios Server For Monitoring

Create Check_HTTP Command Object Definition

Create a command object definition that defines how to use the check_http command to monitor the SSL/TLS certificates.

If you compiled Nagios from the source, then create the command definition configuration on /usr/local/nagios/etc/objects. You can also use your own custom sub-directory, like /usr/local/nagios/etc/objects/kifarunix-demo, for our case.

Be sure to replace PATHS accordingly.

vim /usr/local/nagios/etc/objects/kifarunix-demo/commands.cfg
# Check SSL/TLS Certificate Expiry Command Definition
define command{
    command_name check_certs
    command_line /usr/local/nagios/libexec/check_http -S -I $HOSTADDRESS$ -p $ARG1$ -C $ARG2$
}
  • The command is named check_certs and will be called in the service definition using this name.
  • /usr/local/nagios/libexec/check_http specifies the location of the Nagios script.
  • -S instructs the check_http plugin to check the SSL port which defaults to 443.
  • -I option specifies IP address or name of the host. You can as well use the -H option for hostname argument for servers using host headers (virtual host).
  • -p specifies port number to check. Useful if you want to check SSL for other ports ike SMTPS, IMAPS, POP3S
  • -C specifies the minimum number of days a certificate has to be valid.

Create Check_HTTP Service Object Definition

After creating the command object definition to check SSL certificate, proceed to define a service that calls the check_certs object defined above.

vim /usr/local/nagios/etc/objects/kifarunix-demo/services.cfg
define service{
         use                 kifarunix-demo-service
         host_name           web01.kifarunix-demo.com    
         service_description HTTPS SSL Certificate
         check_command       check_certs!443!10
 }
  • The use statement defines the service template to use.
  • host_name specifies the host to check the SSL expiry against.
  • service_description is the description of the service name.
  • check_command specifies the name of the command that should be used to check SSL certificate as defined on the command definition above.
  • 443 is the SSL port to check. The value for the -p $ARG1$.
  • !10 specifies the value of the -C $ARG2$ in the command definition. Hence, you will receive notification 10 days to certificate expiry.

If you need to monitor other ports like SMTPS, POPS, IMAPS, you can add such service definitions to your Service Object definition configuration file.

define service{
         use                 kifarunix-demo-service
         host_name           mail.kifarunix-demo.com    
         service_description SMTP SSL Certificate
         check_command       check_certs!465!10
 }
define service{
         use                 kifarunix-demo-service
         host_name           mail.kifarunix-demo.com    
         service_description SMTP TLS Certificate
         check_command       check_certs!587!10
 }
define service{
         use                 kifarunix-demo-service
         host_name           mail.kifarunix-demo.com    
         service_description IMAPS Certificate
         check_command       check_certs!993!10
 }
define service{
         use                 kifarunix-demo-service
         host_name           mail.kifarunix-demo.com    
         service_description POP3 SSL Certificate
         check_command       check_certs!995!10
 }

Verify Nagios Configuration

It is a wise idea to check Nagios configuration of syntax errors everytime you make changes.

/usr/local/nagios/bin/nagios -v /usr/local/nagios/etc/nagios.cfg
...
Total Warnings: 0
Total Errors:   0

Things look okay - No serious problems were detected during the pre-flight check

If there are no errors, restart Nagios service.

systemctl restart nagios

Verify the SSL checks from command line;

/usr/local/nagios/libexec/check_http -I web01.kifarunix-demo.com -p 443 -C 10
SSL OK - Certificate '*.kifarunix-demo.com' will expire on 2020-10-18 08:21 -0400/EDT. HTTP OK: HTTP/1.1 200 OK - 303 bytes in 0.025 second response time |time=0.025159s;;;0.000000 size=303B;;;0
/usr/local/nagios/libexec/check_http -I mail.kifarunix-demo.com -p 465 -C 20
SSL WARNING - Certificate 'silmx01.silensec.com' expires in 12 day(s) (2019-11-08 23:14 +0000/EDT).

You can also Navigate to Nagios web interface to verify the SSL checks.

Monitor SSL/TLS Certificates Expiry with Nagios

There you go. You will now be notified when you SSL/TLS certificate expiry date is 10 days or below.

See other Nagios guides by following the links below;

Monitor Linux Hosts using Nagios check_by_ssh Plugin

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