Install MISP on Ubuntu 22.04/Ubuntu 20.04

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In this tutorial, you will learn how to install MISP on Ubuntu 22.04/Ubuntu 20.04. MISP, an acronym for Malware Information Sharing Platform, is an open source threat intelligence platform for sharing, storing and correlating Indicators of Compromise of targeted attacks, threat intelligence, financial fraud information, vulnerability information or even counter-terrorism information.

Install MISP on Ubuntu 22.04/Ubuntu 20.04

To install MISP on Ubuntu 22.04/Ubuntu 20.04, you can use an install script or simply do the manual installation so you have an idea of what is going on. We will go the manual way in this guide.

Mip 67 Error-How to fix
Mip 67 Error-How to fix

Run system Update

To begin with, ensure your system package cache is up-to-date.

sudo apt update

Install Postfix anf Other Required Packages

If you want to configure MISP to sent out email notifications, you install Postfix to use with your preferred mail relays.

sudo apt install postfix mailutils curl gcc git gpg-agent make libcaca-dev liblua5.3-dev \
python python3 openssl redis-server vim zip unzip virtualenv libfuzzy-dev sqlite3 \
moreutils python3-dev python3-pip libxml2-dev libxslt1-dev zlib1g-dev \
python-setuptools openssl cmake

When prompted to choose the Postfix general type of mail configuration, select Internet Site

For the domain part, select your domain part (not FQDN). E.g if your hostname is misp.kifarunix-demo.com, use kifarunix-demo.com.

Create MISP User Account

Run the command below to create MISP user account and add it to other system groups.

sudo useradd -s /bin/bash -m -G adm,cdrom,sudo,dip,plugdev,www-data,staff misp

Set the password for the user account.

sudo passwd misp

Install LAMP Stack and Required Dependencies

Run the command below to install LAMP stack and other required packages.

Install MariaDB 10.9, current stable release version as of this writing.

curl -LsS https://downloads.mariadb.com/MariaDB/mariadb_repo_setup | sudo bash -s -- --mariadb-server-version=10.9
sudo apt install mariadb-client mariadb-server -y

Install PHP 7.4 and required PHP modules;

apt install libapache2-mod-php php php-cli php-dev php-json php-xml php-mysql php-opcache \
php-readline php-mbstring php-zip php-redis php-gnupg php-intl php-bcmath php-gd php-curl

On Ubuntu 22.04, check this guide on how to install PHP 7.4 on Ubuntu 22.04.

Next, update the following PHP configuration options;

vim /etc/php/7.4/apache2/php.ini
upload_max_filesize="50M"
post_max_size="50M"
max_execution_time="300"
memory_limit="2048M"

Similarly, update PHP session ID length and set strict session ID mode;

echo -e 'session0sid_length="32"\nsession0use_strict_mode="1"' | sudo tee -a /etc/php/7.4/apache2/php.ini

Create MISP Database and Database User

Login to MySQL and create MISP database and database user

First of all, run MySQL initial secure script;

sudo systemctl start mariadb
sudo mysql_secure_installation

Once you have ran the script, proceed to create MISP database and database user;

sudo mysql -u root -p -e "create database misp;"
sudo mysql -u root -p -e "grant all on misp.* to [email protected] identified by 'MISP-DB-Password';"
sudo mysql -u root -p -e "flush privileges;"

Import MISP database into database created above;

sudo -Hu www-data cat /var/www/MISP/INSTALL/MYSQL.sql | mysql -u mispadmin -p misp

Install MISP on Ubuntu 22.04/Ubuntu 20.04

Create MISP directory under /var/www;

sudo mkdir /var/www/MISP

Clone the MISP Core Github repository into the directory above;

sudo git clone https://github.com/MISP/MISP.git /var/www/MISP/
sudo git -C /var/www/MISP/ submodule update --progress --init --recursive
sudo chown -R www-data: /var/www/MISP
sudo -u www-data git -C /var/www/MISP submodule foreach --recursive git config core.filemode false
sudo -u www-data git -C /var/www/MISP config core.filemode false

Create a python3 virtualenv

sudo -u www-data virtualenv -p python3 /var/www/MISP/venv

Create PIP cache directory;

sudo mkdir /var/www/.cache/
sudo chown -R www-data: /var/www/.cache/

Install python-stix

sudo -u www-data /var/www/MISP/venv/bin/pip install ordered-set python-dateutil six weakrefmethod
sudo -u www-data /var/www/MISP/venv/bin/pip install /var/www/MISP/app/files/scripts/misp-stix

Install PyMISP;

sudo -u www-data /var/www/MISP/venv/bin/pip install /var/www/MISP/PyMISP

Remove libfaup;

cd /tmp
git clone https://github.com/stricaud/faup.git faup
sudo git clone https://github.com/stricaud/gtcaca.git gtcaca
sudo chown -R misp: faup gtcaca
sudo mkdir gtcaca/build && cd gtcaca/build
sudo cmake .. && sudo make && sudo make install
sudo mkdir -p /tmp/faup/build && cd /tmp/faup/build
sudo cmake .. && sudo make && sudo make install

Create the necessary links and cache to the just installed libraries;

sudo ldconfig

Install PyDeep;

sudo -u www-data /var/www/MISP/venv/bin/pip install git+https://github.com/kbandla/pydeep.git

Install lief

sudo -u www-data /var/www/MISP/venv/bin/pip install lief

Install zmq

sudo -u www-data /var/www/MISP/venv/bin/pip install zmq redis

Install python-magic

sudo -u www-data /var/www/MISP/venv/bin/pip install python-magic

Install plyara;

sudo -u www-data /var/www/MISP/venv/bin/pip install plyara

Install CakePHP

Create PHP composer directory;

sudo mkdir -p /var/www/.composer

Set the ownership;

sudo chown -R www-data: /var/www/.composer

Install CakePHP;

cd /var/www/MISP/app
sudo -u www-data php composer.phar install --no-dev

Enable CakeResque with php-redis

sudo phpenmod redis
sudo phpenmod gnupg

Enable the use of scheduler worker for scheduled tasks;

sudo -u www-data cp -fa /var/www/MISP/INSTALL/setup/config.php /var/www/MISP/app/Plugin/CakeResque/Config/config.php

Set Proper Permissions and Ownership of MISP directories

Once the installation of MISP is done, update the ownership and permissions of the directories;

sudo chown -R www-data: /var/www/MISP
sudo chmod -R 750 /var/www/MISP
sudo chmod -R g+ws /var/www/MISP/app/tmp /var/www/MISP/app/files

Enable MISP Log Rotation

sudo cp /var/www/MISP/INSTALL/misp.logrotate /etc/logrotate.d/misp
sudo chmod 0640 /etc/logrotate.d/misp

This is how to the config file is like;

cat /etc/logrotate.d/misp
/var/www/MISP/app/tmp/logs/*.log {
    rotate 30
    dateext
    missingok
    notifempty
    compress
    daily
    size 50M
    maxsize 500M
    copytruncate
}

Configure MISP

Rename the default configurations as follows;

sudo -u www-data cp -a /var/www/MISP/app/Config/bootstrap{.default,}.php
sudo -u www-data cp -a /var/www/MISP/app/Config/database{.default,}.php
sudo -u www-data cp -a /var/www/MISP/app/Config/core{.default,}.php
sudo -u www-data cp -a /var/www/MISP/app/Config/config{.default,}.php

Update database connection details;

sudo vim /var/www/MISP/app/Config/database.php
class DATABASE_CONFIG {

        public $default = array(
                'datasource' => 'Database/Mysql',
                //'datasource' => 'Database/Postgres',
                'persistent' => false,
                'host' => 'localhost',
                'login' => 'mispadmin',
                'port' => 3306, // MySQL & MariaDB
                //'port' => 5432, // PostgreSQL
                'password' => 'MISP-DB-Password',
                'database' => 'misp',
                'prefix' => '',
                'encoding' => 'utf8',
        );
}

Save and exit the file;

Generate MISP GnuPG key;

Create a batch file to define variable required for non-interactive GPG keys generation.

tee > ~/misp-gpg-batch-file << 'EOL'
Key-Type: default
Key-Length: 4096
Subkey-Type: default
Name-Real: MISP-gpg-key
Name-Email: [email protected]
Expire-Date: 0
Passphrase: 42e9865a824b4e237c5146b0af888016de8
EOL
sudo -u www-data gpg --homedir /var/www/MISP/.gnupg --batch --gen-key ~/misp-gpg-batch-file

Sample output;

gpg: directory '/var/www/MISP/.gnupg' created
gpg: keybox '/var/www/MISP/.gnupg/pubring.kbx' created
gpg: /var/www/MISP/.gnupg/trustdb.gpg: trustdb created
gpg: key DA6AA0A6057E4C28 marked as ultimately trusted
gpg: directory '/var/www/MISP/.gnupg/openpgp-revocs.d' created
gpg: revocation certificate stored as '/var/www/MISP/.gnupg/openpgp-revocs.d/757A0C2F91D894522A388A04DA6AA0A6057E4C28.rev'

Export the public key to MISP webroot

sudo -u www-data gpg --homedir /var/www/MISP/.gnupg --export --armor [email protected] \
| sudo -u www-data tee /var/www/MISP/app/webroot/gpg.asc

Setup MISP Background Workers

Create a systemd service for MISP background workers;

sudo tee /etc/systemd/system/misp-workers.service << 'EOL'
[Unit]
Description=MISP background workers
After=network.target

[Service]
Type=forking
User=www-data
Group=www-data
ExecStart=/var/www/MISP/app/Console/worker/start.sh
Restart=always
RestartSec=10

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target
EOL

Reload systemd configs and start the service;

sudo systemctl daemon-reload
sudo systemctl enable --now misp-workers

Confirm status;

systemctl status misp-workers.service
● misp-workers.service - MISP background workers
     Loaded: loaded (/etc/systemd/system/misp-workers.service; enabled; vendor preset: enabled)
     Active: active (running) since Fri 2022-11-04 20:24:54 UTC; 10s ago
    Process: 62522 ExecStart=/var/www/MISP/app/Console/worker/start.sh (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS)
      Tasks: 12 (limit: 4610)
     Memory: 61.0M
     CGroup: /system.slice/misp-workers.service
             ├─62555 bash -c cd '/var/www/MISP/app/Vendor/kamisama/php-resque-ex';     VERBOSE=true  QUEUE='default'  PIDFILE='/var/www/MISP/app/Plugin/CakeResque/tmp/1667>
             ├─62556 php ./bin/resque
             ├─62573 bash -c cd '/var/www/MISP/app/Vendor/kamisama/php-resque-ex';     VERBOSE=true  QUEUE='prio'  PIDFILE='/var/www/MISP/app/Plugin/CakeResque/tmp/1667593>
             ├─62574 php ./bin/resque
             ├─62589 bash -c cd '/var/www/MISP/app/Vendor/kamisama/php-resque-ex';     VERBOSE=true  QUEUE='cache'  PIDFILE='/var/www/MISP/app/Plugin/CakeResque/tmp/166759>
             ├─62590 php ./bin/resque
             ├─62606 bash -c cd '/var/www/MISP/app/Vendor/kamisama/php-resque-ex';     VERBOSE=true  QUEUE='email'  PIDFILE='/var/www/MISP/app/Plugin/CakeResque/tmp/166759>
             ├─62607 php ./bin/resque
             ├─62622 bash -c cd '/var/www/MISP/app/Vendor/kamisama/php-resque-ex';     VERBOSE=true  QUEUE='update'  PIDFILE='/var/www/MISP/app/Plugin/CakeResque/tmp/16675>
             ├─62623 php ./bin/resque
             ├─62638 bash -c cd '/var/www/MISP/app/Vendor/kamisama/php-resque-ex-scheduler';     VERBOSE=true  QUEUE='default'  PIDFILE='/var/www/MISP/app/Plugin/CakeResqu>
             └─62639 php ./bin/resque-scheduler.php

Nov 04 20:24:53 thehive.kifarunix-demo.com start.sh[62562]: Starting worker ... Done
Nov 04 20:24:53 thehive.kifarunix-demo.com start.sh[62578]: Creating workers
Nov 04 20:24:53 thehive.kifarunix-demo.com start.sh[62578]: Starting worker ... Done
Nov 04 20:24:53 thehive.kifarunix-demo.com start.sh[62594]: Creating workers
Nov 04 20:24:53 thehive.kifarunix-demo.com start.sh[62594]: Starting worker ... Done
Nov 04 20:24:54 thehive.kifarunix-demo.com start.sh[62611]: Creating workers
Nov 04 20:24:54 thehive.kifarunix-demo.com start.sh[62611]: Starting worker ... Done
Nov 04 20:24:54 thehive.kifarunix-demo.com start.sh[62627]: Creating the scheduler workers
Nov 04 20:24:54 thehive.kifarunix-demo.com start.sh[62627]: Starting scheduler worker ... Done
Nov 04 20:24:54 thehive.kifarunix-demo.com systemd[1]: Started MISP background workers.

Next;

  • disable Linux Kernel’s support for Transparent Huge Pages (THP),
  • limit the number of incoming connections to 1024,
  • Enable memory over-commit.

You can easily set a systemd service to sort the above;

sudo cat > /etc/systemd/system/thp-so-mo.service << 'EOL'
[Unit]
Description=Disable Kernel Support for THP, Set Socket Max Conxs and Enable Memory Overcommit.

[Service]
Type=simple
ExecStart=/bin/sh -c "echo 'never' > /sys/kernel/mm/transparent_hugepage/enabled && \
echo 'never' > /sys/kernel/mm/transparent_hugepage/defrag && \
echo 1024 > /proc/sys/net/core/somaxconn && \
sysctl vm.overcommit_memory=1"

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target
EOL

Initialize MISP Configuration

Initialize the user and fetch authentication key;

sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake userInit -q

Sample out;

dLiRqsfiiNAIIza9U7zqnwKKZBf83kDBSd2BUdeA

Enable database updates;

sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin runUpdates

Define global time outs

sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Session.autoRegenerate" 0
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Session.timeout" 600
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Session.cookieTimeout" 3600

Set default tmp directory;

sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "MISP.tmpdir" "/var/www/MISP/app/tmp"

Enable GnuPG;

sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "GnuPG.email" "[email protected]"
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "GnuPG.homedir" "/var/www/MISP/.gnupg"
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "GnuPG.password" "42e9865a824b4e237c5146b0af888016de8"
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "GnuPG.obscure_subject" true
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "GnuPG.binary" "$(which gpg)"

Update other MISP configurations;

sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "MISP.host_org_id" 1
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "MISP.email" "[email protected]"
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "MISP.disable_emailing" true --force
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "MISP.contact" "[email protected]"
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "MISP.disablerestalert" true
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "MISP.showCorrelationsOnIndex" true
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "MISP.default_event_tag_collection" 0

Tunning Cortex;

sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Plugin.Cortex_services_enable" false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Plugin.Cortex_services_url" "http://127.0.0.1"
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Plugin.Cortex_services_port" 9000
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Plugin.Cortex_timeout" 120
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Plugin.Cortex_authkey" false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Plugin.Cortex_ssl_verify_peer" false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Plugin.Cortex_ssl_verify_host" false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Plugin.Cortex_ssl_allow_self_signed" true

Update plugin settings;

sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Plugin.Sightings_policy" 0
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Plugin.Sightings_anonymise" false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Plugin.Sightings_anonymise_as" 1
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Plugin.Sightings_range" 365
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Plugin.Sightings_sighting_db_enable" false

Disable API_Required modules;

sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting Plugin.Enrichment_cuckoo_submit_enabled false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting Plugin.Enrichment_vmray_submit_enabled false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting Plugin.Enrichment_circl_passivedns_enabled false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting Plugin.Enrichment_circl_passivessl_enabled false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting Plugin.Enrichment_domaintools_enabled false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting Plugin.Enrichment_eupi_enabled false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting Plugin.Enrichment_farsight_passivedns_enabled false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting Plugin.Enrichment_passivetotal_enabled false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting Plugin.Enrichment_passivetotal_enabled false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting Plugin.Enrichment_virustotal_enabled false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting Plugin.Enrichment_whois_enabled false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting Plugin.Enrichment_shodan_enabled false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting Plugin.Enrichment_geoip_asn_enabled false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting Plugin.Enrichment_geoip_city_enabled false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting Plugin.Enrichment_geoip_country_enabled false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting Plugin.Enrichment_iprep_enabled false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting Plugin.Enrichment_otx_enabled false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting Plugin.Enrichment_vulndb_enabled false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting Plugin.Enrichment_crowdstrike_falcon_enabled false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting Plugin.Enrichment_onyphe_enabled false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting Plugin.Enrichment_xforceexchange_enabled false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting Plugin.Enrichment_vulners_enabled false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting Plugin.Enrichment_macaddress_io_enabled false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting Plugin.Enrichment_intel471_enabled false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting Plugin.Enrichment_backscatter_io_enabled false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting Plugin.Enrichment_hibp_enabled false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting Plugin.Enrichment_greynoise_enabled false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting Plugin.Enrichment_joesandbox_submit_enabled false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting Plugin.Enrichment_virustotal_public_enabled false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting Plugin.Enrichment_apiosintds_enabled false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting Plugin.Enrichment_urlscan_enabled false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting Plugin.Enrichment_securitytrails_enabled false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting Plugin.Enrichment_apivoid_enabled false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting Plugin.Enrichment_assemblyline_submit_enabled false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting Plugin.Enrichment_assemblyline_query_enabled false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting Plugin.Enrichment_ransomcoindb_enabled false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting Plugin.Enrichment_lastline_query_enabled false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting Plugin.Enrichment_sophoslabs_intelix_enabled false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting Plugin.Enrichment_cytomic_orion_enabled false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting Plugin.Enrichment_censys_enrich_enabled false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting Plugin.Enrichment_trustar_enrich_enabled false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting Plugin.Enrichment_recordedfuture_enabled false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting Plugin.ElasticSearch_logging_enable false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting Plugin.S3_enable false

CustomAuth Plugin;

sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Plugin.CustomAuth_disable_logout" false

RPZ Plugin settings

sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Plugin.RPZ_policy" "DROP"
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Plugin.RPZ_walled_garden" "127.0.0.1"
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Plugin.RPZ_serial" "\$date00"
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Plugin.RPZ_refresh" "2h"
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Plugin.RPZ_retry" "30m"
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Plugin.RPZ_expiry" "30d"
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Plugin.RPZ_minimum_ttl" "1h"
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Plugin.RPZ_ttl" "1w"
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Plugin.RPZ_ns" "localhost."
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Plugin.RPZ_ns_alt" false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Plugin.RPZ_email" "root.localhost"

Kafka settings;

sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Plugin.Kafka_enable" false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Plugin.Kafka_brokers" "kafka:9092"
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Plugin.Kafka_rdkafka_config" "/etc/rdkafka.ini"
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Plugin.Kafka_include_attachments" false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Plugin.Kafka_event_notifications_enable" false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Plugin.Kafka_event_notifications_topic" "misp_event"
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Plugin.Kafka_event_publish_notifications_enable" false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Plugin.Kafka_event_publish_notifications_topic" "misp_event_publish"
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Plugin.Kafka_object_notifications_enable" false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Plugin.Kafka_object_notifications_topic" "misp_object"
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Plugin.Kafka_object_reference_notifications_enable" false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Plugin.Kafka_object_reference_notifications_topic" "misp_object_reference"
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Plugin.Kafka_attribute_notifications_enable" false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Plugin.Kafka_attribute_notifications_topic" "misp_attribute"
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Plugin.Kafka_shadow_attribute_notifications_enable" false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Plugin.Kafka_shadow_attribute_notifications_topic" "misp_shadow_attribute"
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Plugin.Kafka_tag_notifications_enable" false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Plugin.Kafka_tag_notifications_topic" "misp_tag"
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Plugin.Kafka_sighting_notifications_enable" false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Plugin.Kafka_sighting_notifications_topic" "misp_sighting"
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Plugin.Kafka_user_notifications_enable" false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Plugin.Kafka_user_notifications_topic" "misp_user"
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Plugin.Kafka_organisation_notifications_enable" false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Plugin.Kafka_organisation_notifications_topic" "misp_organisation"
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Plugin.Kafka_audit_notifications_enable" false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Plugin.Kafka_audit_notifications_topic" "misp_audit"

ZeroMQ settings;

sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Plugin.ZeroMQ_enable" false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Plugin.ZeroMQ_host" "127.0.0.1"
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Plugin.ZeroMQ_port" 50000
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Plugin.ZeroMQ_redis_host" "localhost"
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Plugin.ZeroMQ_redis_port" 6379
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Plugin.ZeroMQ_redis_database" 1
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Plugin.ZeroMQ_redis_namespace" "mispq"
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Plugin.ZeroMQ_event_notifications_enable" false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Plugin.ZeroMQ_object_notifications_enable" false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Plugin.ZeroMQ_object_reference_notifications_enable" false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Plugin.ZeroMQ_attribute_notifications_enable" false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Plugin.ZeroMQ_sighting_notifications_enable" false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Plugin.ZeroMQ_user_notifications_enable" false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Plugin.ZeroMQ_organisation_notifications_enable" false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Plugin.ZeroMQ_include_attachments" false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Plugin.ZeroMQ_tag_notifications_enable" false

Set default language and disable proposal attributes block;

sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "MISP.language" "eng"
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "MISP.proposals_block_attributes" false

Set Redis settings;

sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "MISP.redis_host" "127.0.0.1"
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "MISP.redis_port" 6379
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "MISP.redis_database" 13
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "MISP.redis_password" ""

Set MISP default settings;

sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "MISP.ssdeep_correlation_threshold" 40
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "MISP.extended_alert_subject" false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "MISP.default_event_threat_level" 4
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "MISP.newUserText" "Dear new MISP user,\\n\\nWe would hereby like to welcome you to the \$org MISP community.\\n\\n Use the credentials below to log into MISP at \$misp, where you will be prompted to manually change your password to something of your own choice.\\n\\nUsername: \$username\\nPassword: \$password\\n\\nIf you have any questions, don't hesitate to contact us at: \$contact.\\n\\nBest regards,\\nYour \$org MISP support team"
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "MISP.passwordResetText" "Dear MISP user,\\n\\nA password reset has been triggered for your account. Use the below provided temporary password to log into MISP at \$misp, where you will be prompted to manually change your password to something of your own choice.\\n\\nUsername: \$username\\nYour temporary password: \$password\\n\\nIf you have any questions, don't hesitate to contact us at: \$contact.\\n\\nBest regards,\\nYour \$org MISP support team"
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "MISP.enableEventBlocklisting" true
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "MISP.enableOrgBlocklisting" true
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "MISP.log_client_ip" true
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "MISP.log_auth" false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "MISP.log_user_ips" true
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "MISP.log_user_ips_authkeys" true
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "MISP.disableUserSelfManagement" false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "MISP.disable_user_login_change" false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "MISP.disable_user_password_change" false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "MISP.disable_user_add" false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "MISP.block_event_alert" false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "MISP.block_event_alert_tag" "no-alerts=\"true\""
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "MISP.block_old_event_alert" false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "MISP.block_old_event_alert_age" ""
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "MISP.block_old_event_alert_by_date" ""
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "MISP.event_alert_republish_ban" false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "MISP.event_alert_republish_ban_threshold" 5
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "MISP.event_alert_republish_ban_refresh_on_retry" false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "MISP.incoming_tags_disabled_by_default" false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "MISP.maintenance_message" "Great things are happening! MISP is undergoing maintenance, but will return shortly. You can contact the administration at [email protected]"
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "MISP.footermidleft" "This is an initial install"
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "MISP.footermidright" "Please configure and harden accordingly"
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "MISP.welcome_text_top" "Initial Install, please configure"
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "MISP.welcome_text_bottom" "Welcome to Kifarunix-demo MISP"
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "MISP.attachments_dir" "/var/www/MISP/app/files"
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "MISP.download_attachments_on_load" true
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "MISP.event_alert_metadata_only" false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "MISP.title_text" "MISP"
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "MISP.terms_download" false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "MISP.showorgalternate" false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "MISP.event_view_filter_fields" "id, uuid, value, comment, type, category, Tag.name"
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "debug" 0
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Security.auth_enforced" false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Security.log_each_individual_auth_fail" false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Security.rest_client_baseurl" ""
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Security.advanced_authkeys" false
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Security.password_policy_length" 12
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Security.password_policy_complexity" '/^((?=.*\d)|(?=.*\W+))(?![\n])(?=.*[A-Z])(?=.*[a-z]).*$|.{16,}/'

MISP Security settings;

sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Security.disable_browser_cache" true
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Security.check_sec_fetch_site_header" true
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Security.csp_enforce" true
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Security.advanced_authkeys" true
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Security.do_not_log_authkeys" true
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin setSetting "Security.username_in_response_header" true

Enable MISP user login;

sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Live 1

Update MISP Galaxies, ObjectTemplates, Warninglists, Noticelists, Templates

sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin updateGalaxies
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin updateTaxonomies
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin updateWarningLists
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin updateNoticeLists
sudo -Hu www-data /var/www/MISP/app/Console/cake Admin updateObjectTemplates "1337"

Configure Apache Web Server for MISP

MISP ships with sample Apache HTTP/HTTPS configuration file under /var/www/MISP/INSTALL/apache.24.misp.ssl.

Copy this file to Apache Sites available directory;

sudo cp /var/www/MISP/INSTALL/apache.24.misp.ssl /etc/apache2/sites-available/misp.conf

Sample contents;

sudo cat /etc/apache2/sites-available/misp.conf
<VirtualHost *:80>
    ServerAdmin [email protected]
    ServerName misp.local

    # In theory not needed, left for debug purposes
    # LogLevel warn
    # ErrorLog /var/log/apache2/misp.local_p80_error.log
    # CustomLog /var/log/apache2/misp.local_p80_access.log combined

    Header always unset "X-Powered-By"

    RewriteEngine On
    RewriteCond %{HTTPS}  !=on
    RewriteRule ^/?(.*) https://%{SERVER_NAME}/$1 [R,L]

    ServerSignature Off
</VirtualHost>

<VirtualHost *:443>
    ServerAdmin [email protected]
    ServerName misp.local
    DocumentRoot /var/www/MISP/app/webroot
    <Directory /var/www/MISP/app/webroot>
        Options -Indexes
        AllowOverride all
        Require all granted
    </Directory>

    SSLEngine On
    
# StrongCiphers4All! \o/
# This proposal adds strong cipher suites based on the Mozilla recommendations. 
# mozilla config generator: https://ssl-config.mozilla.org/#server=apache&version=2.4.29&config=intermediate&openssl=1.1.1&guideline=5.6
# intermediate configuration
SSLProtocol 		    All -SSLv2 -SSLv3 -TLSv1 -TLSv1.1
SSLCipherSuite          ECDHE-ECDSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256:ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256:ECDHE-ECDSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384:ECDHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384:ECDHE-ECDSA-CHACHA20-POLY1305:ECDHE-RSA-CHACHA20-POLY1305:DHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256:DHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384
SSLHonorCipherOrder     off
SSLSessionTickets       off

# enable HTTP/2, if available
Protocols h2 http/1.1

    SSLCertificateFile /etc/ssl/private/misp.local.crt
    SSLCertificateKeyFile /etc/ssl/private/misp.local.key
#    SSLCertificateChainFile /etc/ssl/private/misp-chain.crt

    LogLevel warn
    ErrorLog /var/log/apache2/misp.local_error.log
    CustomLog /var/log/apache2/misp.local_access.log combined

    ServerSignature Off

    Header always set Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=31536000; includeSubdomains;"
    Header always set X-Content-Type-Options nosniff
    Header always set X-Frame-Options SAMEORIGIN 
    Header always unset "X-Powered-By"

    # TODO: Think about X-XSS-Protection, Content-Security-Policy, Referrer-Policy & Feature-Policy
    ## Example:
    # Header always set X-XSS-Protection "1; mode=block"
    # Header always set Content-Security-Policy "default-src 'none'; style-src 'self' ... script-src/font-src/img-src/connect-src
    # Header always set Referrer-Policy "strict-origin-when-cross-origin"
    # Header always set Feature-Policy "geolocation 'self'; midi 'none'; notifications 'self'; push 'self'; sync-xhr 'self'; microphone 'none'; camera 'self'; magnometer 'self'; gyroscope 'self'; speake 'none'; vibrate 'self'; fullscreen 'none'"
</VirtualHost>

# strongciphers4All! \o/
SSLUseStapling On
SSLStaplingCache "shmcb:logs/ssl_stapling(32768)"

For me, there are only a few lines I will update;

    ServerAdmin [email protected]
    ServerName misp.local
    ServerAdmin [email protected]
    ServerName misp.kifarunix-demo.com

Next, install the SSL/TLS certificates accordingly.

We are using self-signed SSL/TLS certs in this demo.

sudo openssl req -newkey rsa:4096 -days 365 -nodes -x509 -subj "/CN=*.kifarunix-demo.com" \
-keyout /etc/ssl/private/misp.local.key -out /etc/ssl/private/misp.local.crt

Enable required modules;

sudo a2enmod status ssl rewrite headers

Disable default Apache sites and enable MISP site;

sudo a2dissite 000-default.conf
sudo a2ensite misp.conf

Check Apache config errors;

sudo apache2ctl -t

Ensure the output is Syntax OK.

Restart Apache;

sudo systemctl restart apache2

Open Apache ports on firewall to allow external access;

ufw allow "Apache Full"

Login to MISP User Interface

At this point, you can now login to MISP, using the address you defined before. e.g https://misp.kifarunix-demo.com

Install MISP on Ubuntu 22.04/Ubuntu 20.04

Default credentials;

When you login, reset the admin password to proceed;

Install MISP on Ubuntu 22.04/Ubuntu 20.04

Change admin user email address from [email protected] to your specific admin email address. To change admin user email address;

  • navigate to Administration > List Users.
  • Click the edit button against the admin user.
Install MISP on Ubuntu 22.04/Ubuntu 20.04
  • Change Email address and update the changes.
Install MISP on Ubuntu 22.04/Ubuntu 20.04

You can logout and login to confirm the user account changes.

The MISP Events

On a fresh install, MISP has no events on it yet.

However, it ships with ability to pull events with patterns that can be used to detect malicious activities from some default open-source feeds. The default opensource feeds are disabled by default.

To enable the default feeds, navigate to Sync Actions > List Feeds.

misp list feeds

Select the two default feeds and click Enable Selected.

enable default misp feeds

When you enable the feeds, it will start to download the events related to known malwares, APTs, ransomwares and all their attributes from the sources automatically. If the feeds are not fetched automatically, you can manually fetch the feeds by clicking the download arrow under the feed actions.

Monitor the download progress under Administration > Jobs. It may take some time to complete!

misp fetch events status

As soon as the MISP events from the default opensource feeds begin to download, you should see events populated onto MISP.

Confirm by navigating to Event Actions > List Events.

sample MISP events

And that is it on how to install MISP on Ubuntu 22.04/Ubuntu 20.04

Further Reading;

Administering MISP

Other Tutorials

How to Integrate ELK Stack with TheHive

Install TheHive on Ubuntu 22.04/Ubuntu 20.04

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